Ifugao and its Stairways to Heaven

A few minutes after breakfast, I found myself standing in awe, in front of the rice terraces, those fields carved from the mountain sides, perhaps made by bare hands of the Ifugao tribe. A massive work that covers the slopes of some of the mountains in Banaue and the nearby towns. They seem like stairways to heaven, revealing their beauty as the rising sun began to cast its morning light on the ancient rice terraces.

Ifugao, my 55th province.

A landlocked province, Ifugao belongs to the Cordillera Administrative Region, sharing its borders with Mountain Province, Isabela, Nueva Vizcaya and Benguet. Ifugao means ‘people from the hill’. It is located high in the mountains of the Cordillera with river valleys and forest cover.

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Bukidnon: Landlocked Highland

Bisan pa hindu a
Lalag ku’g uli` a
Dini ta Bukidnon
Kanak ha banuwa
Buntod ha matangkaw,
Patag ha malu-ag,
Na tungkay madagway

–Provincial Hymn (Binukid version)

Landlocked but not isolated, Bukidnon is a vast elevated land in Mindanao. It is a province blessed with good earth and cool climate, protected by the several tribes and the mighty Kitanglad.


Lake Apo, Guinoyoran, Valencia City

Bukidnon is my 20th province.

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