The museum houses the historical and cultural treasures of Iloilo. It is located near the provincial capitol complex along Bonifacio Drive in downtown Iloilo. It is said to be the repository of Panay’s significant religious and cultural artifacts as well as an exhibit hall for up and coming local artists.
The museum building is in itself an interesting structure. Built in 1971, it was designed by Sergio Penasales, an Ilonggo architect. On one side of the building, bas reliefs of various churches in Iloilo were placed, among others, the Molo Church and the UNESCO World Heritage listed baroque church of Miag-ao. A couple of old canons were also placed just outside of the building.